Heritage & culture in housing, abstracts
MAGNUS RÖNN (Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden): The Lindholmen case: Residential architecture and compensation in areas of national interest for the cultural heritage
The case study is a combined architecture – and planning project in Gothenburg. The project started with a design developer competition for new housing. The winning design was then transformed to a planning project. The assignment to the town planning office was to implement proposal in a detailed development in an area with cultural values, protected in the law and through the county administrative board and the city's conservation program, which is a local guideline for planning in Gothenburg decided by the politicians.
The architecture – and planning project is dealing with need for housing, strong exploitation interests and how planning process take care of cultural values and architectural qualities of both local and national important. Some of the adjustments in the winning design as well as regulations in the detailed development plan can in this case be understood as compensation.
Objective, research questions and methods: The objective is to understand how architecture, cultural values and compensation are expressed in an architecture and planning project. The case has been selected because of different demands connected to the site. The research question center around three themes: 1) The design developer competition, 2) compensation as actions and adjustments detailed development plan and 3) cultural values and architectural qualities identified in the consultant investigations and how they have been implemented. The methods are archive study, close reading of key documents and site visits. The case has also been discussed at seminars.
Result: The result will be presented as seven conclusions discussing how the task in the competition program is described in relation to condition at the site, jury judgments, citizen participation, statements from authorities that review the detailed development plan, compensation as hidden actions and specific regulations. A selection of identified values and qualities in the consultant investigation became transferred in to detalied development plan.
Keywords: design, compensation, heritage values, qualities, detailed plan, planning process
RODRIGO TAVARES (University of Coimbra, Portugal): Rethinking Recife's immediate past: a hybrid approach to Cais José Estelita
Since 2012 the Cais José Estelita has been a stage for debating the entanglements of contemporary architecture and sociopolitical and economic dimensions of the built environment. The project Novo Recife has prompted reactions against its aesthetics, monofunctional program and typological choices. Moreover, it has stirred up the discussions of ways of living and the sort of city architects and urbanists ought to construct in Recife for the 21st century. Along with these reflexions, the controversial project caused a backlash from a group of young architects, whom designed an alternative unsolicited project for the quay area. Drawing from a research into Recife's urban history and its sociocultural context, this work inquires the disassociation between architecture and urbanism disciplines by unraveling the metropolitan and heritage issues within both proposals. Then is here raised a question if the current architectural practitioners in Recife are prepared to work facing contemporary complexities, multiplicities and instabilities, or if they should rather rethink and reassess their roles and their practices regarding their critical and intellectual stances. Neither answers nor permanent solutions are presented in this paper, but rather this study constructs a theoretical reflexion on design ethics through a cross-disciplinary analysis of both projects. Considering this paper a further reaction to José Estelita quay issues, I present an alternative design drawing from a hybrid approach regarding the sociospatial dynamics of Recife. At last, this paper aims at making three contributions. First, the study adds to our comprehension of architectural design as a complex and transdisciplinary practice, rather than an autonomous work. A second implication is for critical and ethical understanding of a design assignment. The third contribution has to do with urbanity, demonstrating that architectural decisions should always regard civic and collective repercussions.
Keywords: design ethics, urbanity, research by design, Cais José Estelita, architectural theory
PAULA JULIN (University of Jyväskylä, Finland): Heritage Conservation and Real Estate Development: Expert Collaboration in Urban Planning
Urban planning is about coordinating conflicting interest, and it is not only the citizens but also the experts involved in the planning processes, whose conceptions are multivoiced.
The operational environment of urban planning has changed in recent years, as real estate devel-opers and investors have taken on the role of prime movers in development projects. Urban den-sification draws new development into city centers, where also the essential built heritage of the cities is usually located. Museum authorities and other experts of heritage conservation form an adversary party to real estate developers in urban planning processes. The basic objectives of the disciplines are opposite. The language and the argumentation of the parties do not meet, either, while others express themselves to the point with economic figures and others rely on verbose qualitative inquiries. In Patsy Healey’s (1992) words, the agents belong to different “systems of meaning”. The conflicting views have in some cases led to a stagnation of urban planning process-es, which harms both conservation and development but also local communities.
In my ongoing dissertation, I aim at structuring our understanding on the contradictory agents involved in urban planning today, using discourse analysis and narrative analysis as methods. Cur-rently I collect data, which consists of texts produced by experts in the fields of heritage conservation and real estate development. Basing on my empirical work, I will later focus on cooperation between these intertwined disciplines, through the lens of game theories, and discuss the possibilities of the concept of cultural sustainability as a vehicle in agonistic collaboration (Mouffe 2000).
Keywords: urban planning, heritage conservation, real estate development, collaboration, planning theory
TIINA HOTAKAINEN (University of Oulu, Finland): A temporal exploration of culture-led urban regeneration in Myllytulli, Oulu
Over past decades, municipalities and private companies have used culture to boost urban regeneration throughout the world, regardless of the size and location of the city. The academic community has criticized the travelling policies for over-simplifying the abstract notion of culture, overrating the benefits and ignoring the local spatiotemporal context. Successful examples of culture-led urban regeneration have tempted small cities to invest in traveling global cultural policies. Despite individual benefits, numerous municipalities have experienced drawbacks in achieving their goals with globalized cultural approaches, despite the preceding comprehensive spatial considerations. I argue that a sole spatial analysis is insufficient, and that a temporal approach would enhance the understanding of culture-led urban regeneration.
This article discusses the temporal characteristics of culture-led regeneration in a provincial city context through a case study analysis. I present the development process of Lasaretinväylä in Oulu, northern Finland, to demonstrate the importance of the temporal context. I reframe the regeneration process via temporal conceptualisations by applying the ‘timescapes approach’ (Degen 2018) and ‘urban time studies research’ (Chargboo & Mareggi 2018) as analytical framework. I analyse the competition procedure of Lasaretinväylä through 18 semi-structured expert interviews, observation material and municipal planning documents. The analysis presents spatiotemporal issues of culture-led urban regeneration in provincial city context and opportunities provided by a temporal analysis framework.
Keywords: culture-led urban regeneration, urban regeneration, provincial cities, temporal approach, time planning, space-time design